Chromoblastomycosis and sporotrichosis in Madagascar: epidemiological, clinical and diagnostic news

Chromoblastomycosis (CBM) and sporotrichosis (SPT) are chronic fungal infections. They mainly affect the limbs, after an injury involving plants or telluric contamination.

The main pathogens responsible for CBM are dematiaceous fungi of the Fonsecaea and Cladophialophora species, while SPT is caused by a dimorphic fungus, Sporothrix.

The aim of the study was to update epidemiological knowledge of these two infections and to characterise the fungal species responsible for them in Madagascar.